Seizure Response

July 2016

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), about 1 out of every 10 people has had a seizure1. Additionally, there is a lot of false information surrounding seizures and seizure response. For example, many people falsely believe that individuals having a seizure should be restrained, have an object placed in their mouths, and can choke on their tongues.  To ensure that Student, Facility and Staff are prepared to appropriately respond in the event of a seizure on or off campus, below are some basic tips.

The Four Phases of a Seizure

  1. Prodrome: indicators before a seizure
  2. Aura: start of a seizure
  3. Ictus: seizure event
  4. Postictal: post seizure recovery period

According to the Epilepsy Foundation the following are Seizure Warnings Signs2:  

  1. Strange/odd feelings
  2. Strange/odd taste or smells
  3. “Out of body” sensations, feeling detached
  4. People look unexpectedly familiar or strange
  5. Feeling confused or “fuzzy”
  6. Memory lapses
  7. Jerking body movements
  8. Loss of balance or falling
  9. Headaches
  10. Unexplained confusion, sleepiness, weakness

Actions to Assist an Individual Having a Seizure:

  1. Help the individual to the ground
  2. Place something soft under the individual’s head
  3. If possible, turn the individual on his or her side to aide breathing
  4. Remove eye glasses and loosen ties and items that may choke the patient
  5. Clear the immediate area of objects or furniture to prevent physical injury
  6. Start timing the seizure
  7. Most seizure patients do not need to be transported to the hospital. Look for a medial ID or bracelet which may indicate a seizure disorder
  8. For all seizures, call the LIM College Emergency Response Line (212) 310-0660 or 711 from a LIM College phone
  9. If the following occur, call 911 immediately:
    1. If the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes
    2. if the individual stops breathing, the individual is pregnant or physically injures themselves during the seizure (i.e., cut or fall injuries)
    3. If the individual has never suffered a seizure before
  1. Be prepared to share information about the location of the emergency (i.e. building, floor, and room number)
  2. Gather information about the individual to include name, allergies, medications, existing conditions, and medication and food consumed
  3. Stay with the individual until he/she is awake or until the LIM College Emergency Response Building Team Members or emergency medical services are on scene
  4. If the individual is transported to the hospital, someone from LIM College will go with the patient to the hospital and stay with him or her  until relieved by a family member or an LIM College official

NEVER DO THE FOLLOWING  

  1. Never hold the individual down or limit movement
  2. Never place any objects in the individual’s mouth
  3. Never give CPR or mouth-to-mouth
  4. Never give the individual food/water until he/she is  fully awake

Seizure First Aid Video

https://youtu.be/7MPJauo4DdY  

Source: http://www.efepa.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/First-Aid-for-Seizures3_Page_2.jpg


1 http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/first-aid.htm

2 http://www.epilepsy.com/get-help/managing-your-epilepsy/understanding-seizures-and-emergencies/warning-signs-seizures